Storia della Radio

In evidenza

Microfono RCA 50 A

Leggi l'articolo (versione in italiano)

The microphone 50 A, born in 1934, is the result of constant research and development in relation to the production of a microphone whose features are high quality, high sensitivity, insensitivity to shock and modestly to the effects of wind, compactness and robustness .

It's a pressure-type moving conductor microphone. A single aluminium wire with a diameter of 0.25 mm is strongly fixed to a membrane and is located between the poles of a permanent magnet with its length perpendicular to the magnetic lines of force.

The ends of the wire are connected to a transformer that adapts the line impedance at 250 ohms or 50. The sound waves achieving the diaphragm, vibrate the wire inside the magnetic field, produced by the magnet. The conductor’s vibration is proportional to the sound vibration and  as this is within the magnetic field, generates a corresponding variable voltage on the primary of the microphone transformer. These small variable voltages (audio modulation) will then be amplified .





The frequency response of the microphone, is regular over its entire useful operating range from 60 to 10,000 Hertz. The variation of the  characteristic frequency response with the direction of the incident sound is very similar to that of any other microphone pressure, as it reduces the response at higher frequencies and at the variation of the angle between the direction of the sound and the plane of the diaphragm.

The microphone and the microphone transformer are enclosed within a rugged metal housing and on the back is assembled a male connector to secure the microphone cable.



The microphone is up to a perforated metal cap, to provide it for mechanical shocks and the negative effects of the wind.

Photos:  A aluminum wire with a diameter of 0.25 mm is rigidly coupled to a membrane and is located between the poles of a permanent magnet

Line impedance trasformer









- Prof. S. O. Countant (http://www.coutant.org/1.html) from which we took with their permission news about this microphone

- The 'AIRE (Association of Italian Antique Radio of Turin), which has provided us with some materials.

- Colleagues from RAI in Turin for the audio and video footage and the "voice" of the movie: Angela Brusa


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